Mostar is a city in the valley of the River Neretva, in southern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is the economic, cultural, educational, commercial and tourist centre of Herzegovina. Numerous archeological sites confirm that the broader area of Mostar has been inhabited since the Early Eneolitich, while during the Roman rule the area was inhabited by Illyrian tribes.
The city was named after bridge keepers (natively:
mostari) who guarded wooden bridge which connected two banks of the
River Neretva and for the first time the name Mostar is mentioned in the
15th century. After the fall of Bosnia under the Ottoman Empire, the
Turks built the stone bridge in 1566, today famous as the Old Bridge.
After the Berlin congress in 1878, the Turkish administration was
removed by Austro-Hungarian administration. The valuable cultural
monuments, oriental style buildings and Austro-Hungarian buildings have
remained from that period which makes Mostar beautiful and interesting
The Old Bridge was destroyed during the terrible destructions
in the last war from 1992 till 1996. It was renovated in 2004 and in
2005 it was included in the UNESCO list of protected monuments of
cultural heritage as the first monument from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The
Croatian Lodge „Herceg Stjepan Kosaca“, the center of cultural events
of the city of Mostar, was built in 1959/1960. It is named after the
ruler of Herzegovina, Duke Stjepan Vukcic Kosaca (around 1404-1466).
Mostar is beautiful and hospitable city that enriches the different
cultures and traditions with its beauty that makes it the city of open
Stamp Issue: 2012.04.05